PERSONALITIES OF THE RHODESIAN WAR

I have made a deliberate decision to focus on the military side of the war - even if, by default, many civilians will also be included. Links lead to a page with more information on the individual. 

Flower, Ken (Rhodesian Intelligence head) 

Muzorewa, Abel 
Served as prime minister of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia from the Internal Settlement 1979 until the Lancaster House agreement. He was one of the leaders in 1971 of a group opposing the internal settlement under the acronym "NIBMAR" (no independence before majority rule). Muzorewa was one of the founders of the UANC, left as the only legal black political party in Rhodesia as they rejected violence. The 1978 Internal settlement saw Muzorewa, Sithole, Jeremiah Chirau and Ian Smith leading the executive council. The war continued, however, and the lack of any international recognition of the election was due to the failure to involve ZANU or ZAPU. He has most recently been in the news in Zimbabwe with his appropriation of one of the remaining white-run farms - full article here

Reid-Daly, Ron (Selous Scouts founder)

Sithole, Ndabaningi
(described as a veteran nationalist with strong support from external terrorist forces (African Freedom Annual 1978 - Southern African Freedom Foundation, Johannesburg, 1978). Sithole founded ZANU in July 1963 (alongside Herbert Chitepo who was assassinated March 18 1975 in Zambia, by a car bomb, Robert Mugabe and Edgar Tekere) - it is thought that the publication of Sithole's book "African Nationalism" and its immediate prohibition by Smith motivated his entry into politics. He spent 10 years in prison after ZANU was banned. ZANU split in 1975 (essentially along tribal lines - Joshua Nkomo leading many Ndebele into ZAPU). Sithole eventually founded the moderate ZANU-Ndonga (which due to their renunciation of violence were qualified to participate in the Internal Elections July 31 1979). Sithole joined the transitional government but his attendance of the Lancaster House conference essentially marked his final real political participation - he was elected to parliament in a tribal stronghold, but withdrew his 1996 presidential candidacy due to claims that ZANU were undermining him.

Smith, Ian

Walls, Peter 
Following training at Sandhurst, and service in the Second World War, he joined the Rhodesian army and fought in Malaya, commanding C Squadron (SAS), became the general officer commanding the Rhodesian army in 1972 - with the war's escalation, in 1977 he became commander of Comops, the head of the Rhodesian army. The shooting down of the Viscount Umniati in 1979 was seen as an attempt to assassinate him (he was actually on a Viscount that took off 10 minutes later). Walls was one of the men who signed the Unity accord in 1979, and initially opposed the equal integration of all the combatants following the cease-fire in November 1979.

 

 

Trace